The truth behind artificial sweeteners

Sugar or sweeteners

Without doubt you’ll be aware of the negative health effects of eating too much sugar, especially “added sugars” like in fizzy drinks, sweets, baked goods, and many commercially-available cereals, just to name a few.  Added sugar is hiding just about everywhere in the grocery store as you’ll already know if you did our recent “Sugar Free Me” 7 day challenge.

Ingesting too much refined sugar spikes your blood sugar and insulin and increases your risk for a whole host of issues including type II diabetes and obesity.

One of the food industry’s responses to the demand for lower-calorie foods that still satisfy our tastebuds was artificial sweeteners.

The idea behind them is that you can still get the sweetness, without the calories; like when you have a “diet drink” versus a regular one. Theoretically, this was going to help people maintain a healthy body weight, and hopefully not increase anyone’s risk of heart disease, diabetes, or obesity.

But, it doesn’t always work out the way we think it will…

Types of artificial sweeteners

Sugar substitutes fall into several categories, but what they all have in common is that they have a sweet taste and fewer calories than plain sugar.

Today we’ll specifically discuss “artificial sweeteners,” which are synthetic chemicals where a tiny bit tastes very sweet.

They’re also known as “non-nutritive sweeteners,” and include things like:

  • Saccharin (Sweet & Low),
  • Acesulfame potassium,
  • Aspartame (Equal & NutraSweet), and
  • Sucralose (Splenda).

Health effects of artificial sweeteners

Negative health effects from artificial sweeteners are cited all over the place, and while many studies show effects, there are others that don’t. Cancer? Maybe yes, maybe no. Heart disease? Maybe yes, maybe no. Personally, I’d prefer not to take the risk but everyone has to make their own decision on this.

There is one ironic thing though, to do with artificial sweeteners and weight.

One study found that people who tend to drink diet drinks have double the risk of gaining weight than those who didn’t.

Another study has shown an increased risk for metabolic syndrome and diabetes for those who consume diet drinks every day.

While these results don’t apply equally to everyone, they are concerning and somewhat ironic aren’t they?

How do artificial sweeteners affect our bodies?

Now that’s a million-dollar question!

There are so many ideas out there to try to explain it, but the reality is we don’t know for sure; plus, it might play out differently in different people.

  • Is it because people feel that they can eat the cake because they’re having diet coke and not the full-fat variety?
  • Perhaps it’s because the sweeteners change the taste preferences so that fruit starts to taste worse, and veggies taste terrible?
  • Maybe artificial sweeteners increase our cravings for more (real) sweets?
  • It can be that the sweet taste of these sweeteners signals to our body to release insulin to lower our blood sugar; but, because we didn’t ingest sugar, our blood sugar levels get too low, to the point where we get sugar cravings.
  • Some even say (and at least one animal study suggests) that saccharin may inspire addictive tendencies toward it.
  • Maybe there is even a more complex response that involves our gut microbes and how they help to regulate our blood sugar levels.  There is more and more research emerging to suggest that the gut microbiome is negatively affected by artificial sweeteners.

Conclusion:

Understand that added sugar is not good for you, but the solution may not be to replace with artificial sweeteners.

I highly recommend reducing your sugar intake, so you naturally re-train your palate and start enjoying the taste of real food that isn’t overly sweet.  This way you’re reducing your intake of added sugar, as well as not needing to replace it with artificial sweeteners.

Try to stick as much as possible to whole-foods and avoid processed foods.  Read food labels and avoid added sugars whenever possible. Try having ½ teaspoon less of sugar in your hot morning drink. Try reducing a ¼ cup of the sugar called for in some recipes. Try diluting juice with water.

Your body will thank you!

References:

https://authoritynutrition.com/artificial-sweeteners-blood-sugar-insulin/

http://www.precisionnutrition.com/research-review-splenda-is-it-safe

https://chriskresser.com/the-unbiased-truth-about-artificial-sweeteners/